According to statistics, every 50th inhabitant of the planet faces the problem of nosebleeds. In most cases, this is due to the features of the anatomic structure of the nose. This organ is permeated with a network of thinnest capillaries, which can be damaged even under minor environmental changes or physical stress.
We will talk about the causes and prevention later, and first about how to provide first aid in case of nosebleeds.
- First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the causes of increased bleeding, should not talk, cough, make any movements and nervous.
- It is necessary to sit down, unbuckle the collar, loosen the belt, tilt your head forward. You should not throw your head back or go to bed, in which case the blood will enter the throat, causing coughing and vomiting.
- On the nose bridge should be put something cold (wet towel or bandage), but a bubble with ice is better.
- In the room it is desirable to provide an influx of fresh air by opening the windows. Outside – to get into the shade. If the bleeding occurred in the heat, then in addition to the head and chest can be applied cold compresses.
- If the nose continues to bleed, you should press both wings of the nose to the septum. Breathing should be deep, through your mouth. The procedure continues for 5-10 minutes. You shouldn’t be afraid of getting blood in your mouth, you just need to spit it out. It is also possible to perform tamponade of the nasal passages. For this purpose, the cotton balls are wetted with hydrogen peroxide solution and put into the nostrils. In this case, the blood coagulates quite quickly and the nasal bleeding stops. Just do not insert dry cotton swabs in the nose, it can lead to the drying of absorbent cotton to the walls of the nose and reopen the bleeding.
In most cases, the bleeding lasts no longer than 10 minutes. If the blood can not be stopped and after 20 minutes, or if the blood flows very intensely from both nostrils at once, you must call an ambulance or take the patient to the nearest medical facility.
After first aid, if you were able to stop the bleeding, you can additionally:
- Drink something cool, but strictly abstain from coffee and tea, they contribute to the dilation of blood vessels and can cause repeated bleeding. You should also avoid eating.
- Measure the pressure, especially if along with bleeding there was a headache and tinnitus. If the pressure is high, it must be normalized.
In our lives, nothing happens just like that. If the nasal bleeding is systematic, the body has a reason for this. It can accompany blood diseases, heart defects, infectious and viral diseases, aneurysms, hypertension, benign (angiomas, polyps, papillomas) and malignant (sarcoma and cancer) tumors. See a therapist and be examined. By the way, nosebleeds do not necessarily signal serious problems. Up to 70% of cases are associated with mechanical damage to the epithelium, due to contusions, high snorting, too dry indoor air in winter. In childhood, the cause of bleeding may be a habit of picking your nose with your finger or sticking it in the nasal passages of toys.
Many people have thin and brittle capillaries, nasal septum curvature, which can also cause frequent nose bleeds. In these cases, do not prevent additional intake of vitamin C and visit an otolaryngologist.