First aid measures for stroke is a set of actions and measures aimed not only at saving the life of a patient. The ability to restore damaged brain cells and functional abilities of the nervous system depends on the time and correctness of its provision. According to foreign and domestic specialists, the optimal time to deliver a patient to a treatment facility is 3 hours from the moment of the disease (the earlier, the better).
Symptoms of stroke
Stroke – a vascular disaster that occurs suddenly due to a breach of cerebral circulation. In the event of a stroke is particularly important rapid response of others, as each lost minute determines the subsequent life of the patient.
It is especially important to know the first signs of stroke, in order to recognize it as early as possible and provide assistance.
Symptoms of stroke:
- The sudden onset of muscle weakness or numbness in one half of the body (face, arm, leg);
- Sudden speech impairment;
- Sudden visual impairment, splitting of objects;
- Sudden loss of balance, which prevents the patient from walking (often combined with nausea and/or loss of consciousness);
- Sudden severe headache without an obvious cause (this pain has never happened before).
What to do?
Stroke is an emergency condition, so in no case you should not delay, but immediately call the ambulance for hospitalization in a specialized Stroke Center.
While you are waiting for the ambulance to arrive, there are some simple rules that can significantly help a patient with a stroke:
- It is essential to make sure that the patient can breathe. If you find breathing problems, you should clear the airway by putting the patient on his side and cleaning his mouth;
- It is important, if possible, to measure the level of blood pressure and glucose. Recorded indicators should be recorded and reported to doctors upon arrival;
- If the patient lost consciousness and was on the floor, you can move him to a more comfortable position. The common belief that a patient with a stroke should not be moved is a myth;
- It is especially important to understand when the stroke occurred. Especially, if the patient is already found with the signs of stroke. Try to understand when the last time the patient was seen without a stroke;
- Do not immediately begin to reduce the blood pressure in a patient. High blood pressure in the first hours of stroke is a necessary norm due to the adaptation of the brain;
- In no case you should not drink or feed the patient. This can only make the patient worse.
After hospitalization, make sure that the patient has had the following necessary manipulations:
- a computer tomography of the brain was performed. Without it, the doctor can not reliably determine whether it is a stroke, its type, and which parts of the brain were damaged;
- a certain set of laboratory tests were performed (in particular, oxygen saturation of the blood), blood pressure was measured, and a cardiogram was performed;
- In case of ischemic stroke, there is an emergency treatment method that allows to eliminate or significantly reduce brain disorders – thrombolysis. In this case, the patient who meets the criteria for intravenous injection of a drug dissolving a blood clot, which blocked the cerebral artery. Such manipulation is possible in the first 3 hours from the beginning of the disease and only in a specialized Stroke Center.